Nobel Laureates

The substantial investment made by Baden-Württemberg in research and development is not only reflected in the large number of patents proportional  to its population, but also makes our state an attractive location for scientists.

Baden-Württemberg presents itself at its very best every year on the Nobel Laureate lake cruise across Lake Constance to the floral island of Mainau, in celebration of the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting. This is an opportunity for up-and-coming scientists from all around the world to meet and talk about current developments and prospects for future research with some of the greatest minds in their disciplines.

The history of the Nobel Prize is also replete with researchers and personalities who were either born in Baden-Württemberg, or who have taught and researched at many of the state's well-known universities.

Nobel Laureates born in Baden-Württemberg 

  • Richard Willstätter, 1915 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (born in Karlsruhe)
  • Albert Einstein, 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics (born in Ulm)
  • H.O. Wieland, 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (born in Pforzheim)
  • Otto H. Warburg, 1931 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (born in Freiburg)
  • Hans Spemann, 1935 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (born in Stuttgart)
  • Hermann Hesse, 1946 Nobel Prize in Literature (born in Calw)
  • Ernst A. Ruska, 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics (born in Heidelberg)
  • Hartmut Michel, 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (born in Ludwigsburg)
  • Bert Sakman, 1991 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (born in Stuttgart)
  • Wolfgang Ketterle, 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics (born in Heidelberg)
  • Gerhard Ertl, 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (born in Stuttgart)

 

Nobel Laureates doing research in Baden-Württemberg 

The following laureates were not "originally" from Baden-Württemberg, but spent part of their life here or even taught and undertook research in universities in Baden-Württemberg:

  • W.C. Röntgen, 1901 Nobel Prize in Physics (Professor at the University of Hohenheim)
  • Philipp Lenard, 1905 Nobel Prize in Physics (died in Messelshausen)
  • Robert Koch, 1905 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (died in Baden-Baden)
  • Eduard Buchner, 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the University of Tübingen)
  • C.F. Braun, 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics (professor at the Universities of Karlsruhe and Tübingen)
  • Albrecht Kossel, 1910 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (professor at the University of Heidelberg)
  • Fritz Haber, 1918 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the University of Karlsruhe)
  • O.F.Meyerhof, 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (professor at the University of Heidelberg)
  • A.O.R. Windhaus, 1928 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the University of Freiburg)
  • Carl Bosch, 1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (died in Heidelberg)
  • Werner Heisenberg,1932 Nobel Prize in Physics (researcher in Haigerloch)
  • Erwin Schrödinger, 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics (professor at the University of Stuttgart)
  • Richard Kuhn, 1938 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the University of Heidelberg)
  • Gerhard Domagk, 1939 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (died in Burgberg)
  • Adolf Butenandt, 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the University of Tübingen)
  • Leopold Ruzicka, 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (studied at the University of Karlsruhe)
  • Georg von Hevesy, 1943 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (studied at the University of Karlsruhe)
  • Hermann Staudinger, 1953 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the Universities of Freiburg and Karlsruhe)
  • Hans Adolf Krebs, 1953 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (professor at the University of Freiburg)
  • Walter Bothe, 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics (died in Heidelberg)
  • W.T.O. Forßmann, 1956 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (died in Schopfheim)
  • Hans Jensen, 1963 Nobel Prize in Physics (professor at the University of Heidelberg)
  • Karl Ziegler 1963 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the University of Heidelberg)
  • Hans Albrecht Bethe, 1967 Nobel Prize in Physics (professor at the University of Tübingen)
  • F.A. Hayek, 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics (professor at the University of Freiburg)
  • Georg Wittig, 1979 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (professor at the University of Tübingen)
  • Georges Köhler, 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (University of Freiburg)
  • Klaus von Klitzing, 1985 Nobel Prize in Physics (professor at the University of Stuttgart)
  • Christiane Nüsslein-Vollhard, 1995 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (professor at the University of Tübingen)
  • Günter Blobel, 1999 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (awarded doctor title at the University of Tübingen)
  • Harald zur Hausen, 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (professor at the Universities of Freiburg and Heidelberg)
  • Stefan Hell, 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (division leader at the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg)
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