School leaving certificate obtained after leaving secondary school after 13 years (partly after 12 years) of school education. Constitutes general higher education entrance qualification permitting study at a higher education institution.


A former student or pupil of a school, college or university.

Art Academy

Kunsthochschule. Art academy - higher education institution offering courses in the visual, design and performing arts, in some cases, and also theoretical disciplines (fine arts and art history). Admission requirements are an upper secondary leaving and an artistic aptitude. For purely artistic programmes, admission in most of the counties is possible without an upper secondary qualification if a high degree of artistic talent is shown.


Hausarbeit. Paper written on a previously agreed upon subject, usually compulsory for the acquisition of a course certificate.


Student Union. Allgemeiner Studentenausschuss.