Baden-Württemberg's great strength is its economy. Baden-Württemberg has a robust export driven economy and invests enormous amounts in research, development and innovations. 5.6 per cent of Baden-Württemberg's annual gross domestic product is invested in research and development, more than in any other region in Europe. With 133 patents per 100,000 inhabitants, Baden-Württemberg tops the German league table in inventiveness. These patents ensure that a little bit of Baden-Württemberg can probably be found in nearly every household in the world.
Some inventions from Baden-Württemberg you might be familiar with:
- Wilhelm Schickardt invented the first mechanical calculator, the distant precursor of the pocket calculator and, it could be argued, of the computer in 1623.
- Louis Leitz applied for a patent for his famous ring binder in 1871.
- The engineer Carl Benz obtained a patent for his Benz patent motor vehicle number 1 in 1886 - the official birth year of the car.
- In 1929, Andreas Stihl presented the first petrol-driven motor chainsaw in the world.
- The world's first electronic dry copier first saw the light of day in Baden-Württemberg.
- In 1958, Artur Fischer invented the dowel, a real breakthrough in wall mounting systems.
- In 1965, Bosch set new standards of vehicle safety with the invention of the ABS anti-lock braking system.
- In 1972, Claus Wellenreuther, Hans-Werner Hector, Klaus Tschira, Dietmar Hopp and Hasso Plattner invented the SAP program, which is an integrated standard business software product for large, but also small and medium-sized enterprises to manage the individual business segments. It is used in the areas of accounting, controlling, sales, purchasing and production.
- Since 1994, car producer Daimler has applied for 180 patents in the field of fuel cell technology.
- In 2016, Vincent Systems GmbH invented the smallest multi-articulating hand prothesis.